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The Caribbean Sea is located in the northern hemisphere of the intertropical zone of America, where the climate is characterized by its homogeneity, in particular with regard to the average temperature 70-80 Fahrenheit which stays within a range of 35.6  to 41 Fahrenheit. On the other hand, not so with the difference of temperatures throughout the day, which can vary within a range of 50 to 59 Fahrenheit between the hotter during the day and cooler at night.

It is common in the Caribbean Sea that weather conditions among different areas are different; What  you can generalize about  the Caribbean climate that it is nice throughout the year. In general, temperatures are moderated all the year and the period of rains is quite defined. In order to totally enjoy the Caribbean climate you must learn to adapt to it, and this is easily accomplished by changing patterns of behaviour. As very important you should take into account that during strong sunshine hours (11 AM-3 PM) is recommended to shelter or protect from the Sun, this time interval of is maximum southward and decreases towards the North. It must also keep well hydrated and take advantage of the rest of the day.

The most important variable of the Caribbean climate is the Alisios Winds which his constant breeze from the Northeast softens the effects of heat from the tropical hot sun. This is the reason way the lands of Windward (from which the wind comes, North-East) will have a more fresh atmosphere in relation to the Leeward (where the wind go, Southeast). The same pattern occurs with rainfall which has a close relation with the terrestrial ecosystems, especially where the topography is more rugged.

In general, we can be said that the Caribbean Sea presents all the tropical and intertropical climate types. You can be ensure that the climate will be apropiate to enjoy the infinite landscapes and environments offered in the Caribbean. It is very rare that one of the Islands are hit by a strong tropical storm or even a hurricane, in particular the Lesser Antilles and South America coast. They are so rae that the locals refer to its important events as occurring before or after one of these climate events.

The meteorological phenomena of the Caribbean climate are very diverse due to the influence of the lower equatorial pressure, the intertropical convergence zone of the Trade Winds over the sea, tropical East waves, remains of cold fronts from the North, current marine and its temperature causing among others an excellent tropical climate refreshed by the breezeThere can also be presente tropical depressions and tropical storms, hurricanes and thalwegs.

The tropical climate is characterized by two unique seasons well diferentiated, the wet and the dry. The dry season go from December to April or May of the next year.

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In the Caribbean Sea the dry season is the cooler time of the year, the temperatures range between 82.1 and 72,0 º Farenheid. In general the average number of days with rain of this season are no more than 10, which are esporadics and short and all the average precipitation is no more the 2.8 inches.

Between the months of April and May, the equatorial low pressure that penetrates to the Caribbean Sea along the northern coast of South America, gives the initial to the rainy season which lasts until November. In the months from June to October is when the rains are more intense over the islands close to the coast of South America.

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Usually during the dry season a stream of cold air moves from the North, which may be moisture laden and driven by winds at medium and high altitude in the atmosphere. If this strem of cold air go down to the lower layers of the atmosphere and comes in contact with the warm air currents it may cause heavy rains that can extend for days in a specific area. This climatical phenomenon is  known as Thalweg.

The consequences of the thalweg may reach catastrophic levels, as it is the case of the thalweg of 1999 on the central coast of Venezuela ¡Click para abrir la pagina!. After a season of rains that saturated and soften the soil an increase of abnormal precipitation brings as a consequence the increase of the washing of the ground soil and the volume flow of the rivers. The force of the current takes the fine sediments that retain the big and small stones and these can be drag along with a lot of mud and other debris, this condition is potentially aggravated if the slope of the land is strong.

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